What if Interest Rates Stay Low for the Next 70 Years?

Interest rates have been going lower for years. 

In some nations of the west, they have now reached zero percent, a situation that would have been hailed as impossible just a few years ago. 

What if interest rates were to stay low for the rest of the century? 

This is definitely a possibility.  And this is not something I just thought up today. 

My subscribers have been alerted by me to this probability for more than a decade, perhaps longer, as you will see, below. 

Interest rates have been trending down for years. The best way to show this is via the chart of bond prices. Now remember, bond prices are the inverse of yields, so in this chart, below, a rising price means interest rates going lower. The chart is of the US long bond, 1978 to current:

Rates have been trending lower since 1981. If we were to show this over the course of several hundred years, we see that actually interest rates have in the past had a tendency to move in rough 30 year waves; that means roughly 30 years of rates slowly trending higher from all time lows, then 30 years of the reverse. 

Historically, interest rates have moved in 30 year cycles, the same as the Kondratieff commodity price wave, but lagging slightly. This chart of bond price history shows us that the very high interest rates of the early 1980s (that many of us remember) were actually a historical anomaly and exceedingly unlikely to be repeated. And quite often in markets, when things do go to extreme highs, the next thing that follows is extreme lows. 

I think low interest rates could persist for years, if not decades. Here’s why… 

It is based on a very illuminating study done some years back by David Hackett-Fisher in a large and heavy book called The Great Wave. Probably very few took the time to read this book. But he uncovered some rather interesting history…
Hackett-Fisher found that over the last thousand years or so in the West, the price of consumables, one measure of inflation, has moved in four great waves.  He drew it out, this way:

You can see that each price revolution — each great wave of inflation — has then been followed by almost a hundred years of price stability; low inflation and low (comparably) interest rates. You can see in the chart too, the huge price increase of the 1970’s was also an anomaly, historically speaking. 

If Hackett-Fisher is right, the 21st century may witness low prices and low interest rates for many years to come. 

Hackett-Fisher wrote the book in the early 1990s, when the massive technology revolution was not quite as obvious as it is today. (And it must have been a damn sight harder to research without much of the internet as we know it today.)

The scenario of a century of low inflation (and low interest rates), driven by the relentless technology developments now under way, is now certainly more plausible than ever. And if we add to this scenario the likelihood too of exceptionally low natural gas prices, and the competition this may bring to all other forms of energy, I think the outcome is even more likely. 

This is hugely beneficial for all world stock markets too. 

So for those investors waiting for interest rates to spike up again sometime soon, and so cause chaos once again in markets and another broad sell-off, you might be waiting a long time…

Phil Anderson,
Resources Analyst, Money Morning

Ed note: Some big news for Australian cycle enthusiasts. Phillip J. Anderson is about to launch a new investment service. It will have a singular aim: to help you use his Grand Cycle Theory to make smarter investing decisions — on an ongoing basis. You’ve seen the theory. Now it’s time to apply it to your own portfolio. Stay tuned for the big launch.

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Phillip J Anderson is an Australian academic, author and student of stock, commodity and real estate cycles. Drawing on the work of British economist Fred Harrison and American technical analyst WD Gann, Phil developed his own theory about 18-year real estate cycles in the early 1990s. Since then, Phil has been using cycle theory to guide his own investment decisions — crediting the phenomenon with his decision to move to a 100% cash position in July of 2007, just before the GFC wreaked havoc on the Australian stock market. He has also built up a lucrative property portfolio here and in the UK. Phil is currently predicting a 14-year boom in Australian house prices; an idea he expands on more in a brand new Port Phillip Publishing film, ‘Remembering the Future’.

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